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Paläontologisches Institut


Prof. Dr. Catalina Pimiento Hernandez


  • Cooper JA & Pimiento C. The rise and fall of shark functional diversity over the last 66 million years. Global Ecology and Biogeography 00, e13881 Link
  • Pimiento C, Kocáková K, Mathes GH, Argyriou T, Cadena EA, Cooper JA, Cortés D, Field DJ, Klug C, Scheyer TM, Valenzuela-Toro AM, Buess T, Günter M, Gardiner A, Hatt P, Holdener G, Jacober G, Kobelt S, Masseraz S, Mehli I, Reiff S, Rigendinger E, Ruckstuhl M, Schneider S, Seige C, Senn N, Staccoli V, Baumann J, Flüeler L, Guevara LJ, Ickin E, Kissling KC, Rogenmoser J, Spitznagel D, Villafaña JA, Zanatta C. (2024) The Extinct Megafauna of the Phanerozoic. Cambridge Prisms: Extinction 2, e7 Link
  • van Holstein, L.A., McKay, H.D., Pimiento, C. Koops, K (2024) Multidimensional primate niche space sheds light on interspecific competition in primate evolution. Communications Biology 7, 647 Link
  • Dillon E & Pimiento C ‡†. 2024. Aligning paleobiological research with conservation priorities using elasmobranchs as a model. Paleobiology 1-20 Link (Special Issue: 50th anniversary).


  • Dolton HR, Snelling EP, Deaville R, Jackson AL, Perkins MW, Bortoluzzi JR, Purves K, Curnick DJ, Pimiento C and Payne NL. 2023. Centralized red muscle in Odontaspis ferox and the prevalence of regional endothermy in sharks. Biology Letters 19(11) p.20230331.
  • Pimiento C, Albouy C, Silvestro D, Mouton TL, Velez L, Mouillot D, Griffin JN, Leprieur F. 2023. Functional diversity of sharks and rays is highly vulnerable and supported by unique species and locations worldwide. Nature Communications 14, 691 Link
  • Munoz, F., Klausmeier, C.A., Gaüzère, P., Kandlikar, G., Litchman, E., Mouquet, N. Ostling A, Thuiller W., Algar A, Auber A,. Cadotte M. Delalandre L., Denelle P.,  Enquist B.J.,  Fortunel C.,  Grenié M.,  Loiseau, N.,  Mahaut L.,  Maire M.,  Mouillot D.,  Pimiento C.,  Violle C.,  Kraft NJB.(2023) The ecological causes of functional distinctiveness in communities. Ecology Letters, 00, 1- 14. Link
  • Uhen MD, Allen B, Behboudi N, Clapham ME, Dunne E, Hendy A, Holroyd PA, Hopkins M, Mannion P, Novack-Gottshall P, Pimiento C, Wagner P (2023) Paleobiology Database User Guide Version 1.0. PaleoBios. 2023;40(11) Link
  • Villafaña JA, Rivadeneira MM, Pimiento C, Kriwet J. (2023) Diversification trajectories and paleobiogeography of Neogene chondrichthyans from Europe. Paleobiology 1-13. Link
  • Cooper JA,  Griffin JN,  Kindlimann R, &  Pimiento C. (2023)  Are shark teeth proxies for functional traits? A framework to infer ecology from the fossil record. Journal of Fish Biology,  1- 17.  Link


  • Dillon E, Pier, P, Smith JA, Raja NB, Austin EL, Cybulski, JD, De Entrambasaguas J, Durham SR, Grether C, Haldar H, Kocáková, K, Lin CH, Mazzini I, Mychajliw A, Ollendorf, A, Pimiento C, Regalado-Fernandez OR, Smith, IE, Dietl GP (2022) What is conservation paleobiology? Tracking 20 years of research and development. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 10:1031483 Link
  • Joos, J, Pimiento C, Müller J, Miles D (2022) Quaternary megafauna extinctions altered body size distribution in tortoises. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Proc. R. Soc. B 20221947 Link
  • Cooper JA, Hutchinson JR, Bernvi DC, Cliff, G, Wilson RW, Dicken ML, Menzel, J, Wroe, S, Pirlo, J and Pimiento, C. (2022) The extinct shark Otodus megalodon was a transoceanic super-predator: inferences from 3D modelling. Science Advances abm9424, Link


  • Bazzi M, Campione N, Kear BP, Pimiento C, Ahlberg, PE (2021) Feeding ecology has shaped the evolution of modern sharks. Current Biology 31(23), 5138-5148 Link
  • Pimiento C.. & Pyenson N. (2021). Perspective: When sharks nearly disappeared. Science 372, 1036-1037 Link


  • Paillard, A., Shimada, K. and Pimiento, C. (2020), The fossil record of extant elasmobranchs. Journal of Fish Biology Link
  • Cooper, J.A., Pimiento, C., Ferrón, H.G.. Benton, M. (2020) Body dimensions of the extinct giant shark Otodus megalodon: a 2D reconstruction. Scientific Reports 10, 14596. Link
  • Pimiento C, Bacon CD, Silvestro D, Hendy A, Jaramillo C, Zizka A, Meyer X, Antonelli A. 2020 Selective extinction against redundant species buffers functional diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 287: 20201162. Link
  • Villafaña JA, Hernandez S, Alvarado A, Shimada K, Pimiento C, Rivadeneira MM, Kriwet J. (2020). First evidence of a palaeo-nursery area of the great white shark. Scientific Reports 10, 8502 Link
  • Pimiento C, Leprieur F, Silvestro D, Lefcheck J, Albouy C, Rasher DB, Davis M, Svenning JC, Griffin JN. (2020) Functional diversity of marine megafauna in the Anthropocene. Science Advances 6, eaay7650 Link
  • Pimiento C, Benton M. (2020) The impact of the Pull of the Recent in extant elasmobranchs. Palaeontology 2020, pp. 1-6 Link


  • Pimiento C, Cantalapiedra LJ, Shimada K, Field, D, Smaers, J. (2019) Evolutionary pathways toward gigantism in sharks and rays. Evolution 73: 588-599 Link
  • Pimiento C. 2018. Perspective: Our shallow-water origins. Science 362 (6413): 8-9 Link
  • Pimiento C, Tang KL, Zamora S, Klug C, Sánchez-Villagra MR. (2018) Assessing canalisation of intraspecific variation on a macroevolutionary scale: the case of crinoid arms through the Phanerozoic. PeerJ 6:e4899 Link
  • Pimiento C, Griffin JN, Clements CF, Silvestro D, Varela S, Uhen M, Jaramillo C (2017) The Pliocene marine megafauna extinction and its impact on functional diversity. Nature Ecology and Evolution 1(8) 1100. Link
  • Perez, V., Pimiento, C., Hendy, A., González-Barba, G., Hubbell, G., & MacFadden, B. (2017). Late Miocene chondrichthyans from Lago Bayano, Panama: Functional diversity, environment and biogeography. Journal of Paleontology, 1-36. DOI: 10.1017/jpa.2017.5


  • Pimiento, C., MacFadden, B., Clements, C.F., Varela S., Jaramillo, C., Velez- Juarbe, J., Silliman, B. 2016. Geographic distribution patterns of Carcharocles megalodon over time reveal clues about mechanisms of extinction. Journal of Biogeography 43(8): 1645-1655. doi: Link
  • Velez-Juarbe, J., Wood, A. R. and Pimiento, C. 2016. Pygmy sperm whales (Odontoceti, Physeteroidea, Kogiidae) from the early Pliocene of Florida. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 36(4): e1135806. doi: Link
  • Pimiento, C. 2015. Engaging students in paleontology: The design and implementation of an undergraduate-level blended course in Panama. Evolution: Education and Outreach 8:19. doi: Link
  • MacFadden, B.J., Symister, C., Cannarozzi, N., Pimiento, C., and DeGracia, C. 2015. Comparative diagenesis and rare earth element (REE) variation in Miocene invertebrate and vertebrate fossils from Panama. Journal of Geology 123(6):491-507.
  • Pimiento, C., and Balk, M.A. 2015. Body size trends of the extinct giant shark Carcharocles megalodon: A deep-time perspective on marine apex predators. Paleobiology (41)3:479-490. doi: Link
  • Carrillo-Briceño, J.D., De Gracia C., Pimiento, C., Aguilera, O.A. Kindlimann, R. Santamaría P., and Jaramillo, C., A. 2015. New Late Miocene Chondrichthyan Assemblage from the Chagres Formation, Panama. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 60:56-70. Link


  • Pimiento, C. and Clements, C. 2014. When did Carcharocles megalodon become extinct? A new analysis of the fossil record. PLoSONE 9(10):e111086. Link
  • Vasquez, S and Pimiento, C. 2014. Sharks and Rays from the Tonosi Formation (Eocene of Panama). The Central American Journal of Geology 51:165-169. Link
  • Pimiento, C., Gonzalez-Barba, G., Ehret D.J., MacFadden, B.J., Hendy, A., and Jaramillo, C. 2013. Sharks and Rays (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from the late Miocene Gatun Formation of Panama. Journal of Paleontology 87(5):55-774. Link
  • Pimiento, C., Gonzalez G., Hendy A., Jaramillo, C., MacFadden B.J., Montes C., Suarez S.C., and Shippritt M. 2013. Early Miocene chondrichthyans from the Culebra Formation, Panama: A window into marine vertebrate faunas before closure of the Central American Seaway. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 42:159-170 Link
  • Pimiento, C., Monaco, E., Barbour, A., Silliman B.R. A. 2013. Predation on speared lionfish Pterois volitans by spotted moray Gymnothorax moringa. Florida Scientist 76(3-4):391-394.
  • Pimiento, C., Nifong, J. C., Hunter, M. E., Monaco, E. and Silliman, B. R. 2013. Habitat use patterns of the invasive red lionfish Pterois volitans: a comparison between mangrove and reef systems in San Salvador, Bahamas. Marine Ecology 36:28-37. Link
  • Pimiento, C. and Pringle R. 2011. Fossil sharks: Learning from and about the past. Science Scope 34(6):2-59.
  • Pimiento, C., Ehret D.J., MacFadden B.J., Hubbell G. 2010. Ancient Nursery Area -for the Extinct Giant Shark Megalodon from the Miocene of Panama. PLoSONE 5(5):e10552. Link
  • Uhen, M.D., Coates, A.G., Jaramillo, C.A., Montes, C., Pimiento, C., Rincon, A., Strong, N., Velez-Juarbe, J. 2010. Marine mammals from the Miocene of Panama, Journal of South American Earth Sciences 30 (3-4):167-175. Link

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